Bernardo Cavallino 1616 – 1656
Saul invokes the Ghost of Samuel
oil on copper (62 × 87 cm) — c. 1652
1 Samuel 28:14
14. And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself.
On the eve of an important battle against the Philistines, Saul, the first king of Israel, summons a witch to his tent. He needs advise like he used to receive from Samuel, who had passed away. Interesting detail is that Saul previously had all witches and magicians expelled from his country.
The witch of Endor makes the spirit of Samuel appear. Saul kneels before him. The ghost is angry for Saul disturbing his peace. He predicts a terrible defeat. The next day Israel loses the battle, and Saul and his sons die.