20. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.
This etching is also known as La petite tombe, because it was once thought that Jesus was standing next to a tomb.
Fra Angelico 1387 – 1455
The Sermon on the Mount
fresco — 1436 - 1443
2. And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,
This is one of the frescoes Fra Angelico painted on the cell walls of the San Marco Convent, Florence. This one is in cell 32.
In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus offers his interpretation of the Ten Commandments and other elements from the Old Testament. There is an obvious resemblance to Moses descending the mountain.
There is some symbolism in the colours in Jesus's clothes. The red is for blood and thus symbolizes his human side, while the blue symbolizes divinity.
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn 1606 – 1669
Jesus among his Students
drawing in chalk, colored with pen and brush (35 × 48 cm) — 1634
3. And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?
Jesus and his disciples, probably on the Mount of Olives. The one with his eyes closed is John, sunk in thought, or just listening.
The Sermon on the Mount
illumination — 13th century
20. And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.
Illumination by an anonymous monk from Montbéliard.
Cosimo Rosselli 1439 – 1507
The sermon on the mount
fresco (349 × 570 cm) — 1481-1482
A fresco on the northern wall of the Sistine Chapel. It is part of the series on the life of Jesus.
In the Sermon on the Mount Jesus handed out the rules that would become the Christian guidelines. Opposite this fresco Rosselli made a fresco where Moses receives the Tables with the Law: the Jewish guidelines.
To the right another episode is shown: the healing of a leper.
Jesus and Nicodemus
pen drawing (20 × 27 cm) — c. 1655
3. Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
Nicodemus was a Pharisee and a member of the High Council (Sanhedrin) at the time when Jesus was performing miracles. One night he decides to visit him and ask him about his teaching.
One of Jesus' replies is that one has to be born again in order to enter God's kingdom.
Some experts claim that the drawing shows an entirely different moment: the priest Eli is told that his family is doomed (1 Samuel 2:27-36).
Because of its style, this drawing used to be attributed to Rembrandt. There is however no other evidence to support that claim.